West Indian Students and the Computer Centre Occupation


Austin, David. “All roads led to Montreal: Black Power, the Caribbean, and the black radical tradition in Canada.” The Journal of African American History 92.4 (2007): 516-539.

Austin, David. “CLR James: His Impact on the Caribbean Diaspora.” The Gaither Reporter 4, no. 7 (2000): 7.

Austin, David. Fear of a Black Nation: Race, sex, and security in sixties Montreal. Between the Lines, 2013.

Austin, David. Moving Against the System: the 1968 Congress of Black Writers and the Making of a Global Consciousness. Between the Lines, 2018.

Belgrave, Valerie. “Memories of a Hot Winter.” The Caribbean Review. August 3, 2017.

Eber, Dorothy. The Computer Centre party: Canada meets black power. Tundra Books, 1969.

Forsythe, Dennis. Let the Niggers Burn: The Sir George Williams University Affair and Its Caribbean Aftermath. Black Rose Books, 1971.

Hébert, Paul C. "A Microcosm of the General Struggle": Black Thought and Activism in Montreal, 1960-1969. 2015. University of Michigan, PhD Dissertation.

Henry, Keith S. “Caribbean Political Dilemmas in North America and in the United Kingdom.” Journal of Black Studies 7.4 (1977): 373-386.

Hudson, Peter James. “Research, Repression, and Revolution—On Montreal and the Black Radical Tradition: An Interview with David Austin.” The CLR James Journal (2014).

Hudson, Peter James. “Imperial designs: the Royal Bank of Canada in the Caribbean.” Race & Class 52.1 (2010): 33-48.

Martel, Marcel. “‘Riot’ at Sir George Williams: Giving Meaning to Student Dissent.” Debating Dissent: Canada and the Sixties (2012): 97-114.

Mills, Sean. The Empire Within: Postcolonial thought and political activism in sixties Montreal. McGill-Queen's Press-MQUP, 2010.

Cadotte, Olivier. Remembering Concordia’s Computer Riot. The Link. Sept 4, 2018.

Owram, Doug. Born at the Right Time: A History of the Baby-boom Generation. University of Toronto, 1996.

Palmer, Bryan. Canada’s 1960s” The Ironies of Identity in a Rebellious Era. University of Toronto, 2009.

Roberts, Alfie. A View for Freedom: Alfie Roberts Speaks on the Caribbean, Cricket, Montreal, and C.L.R. James. Alfie Roberts Institute, 2005.

Rodney, Walter. Groundings with My Brothers. London: Bogle-L'Ouverture 1990 (see “New Introduction” by Omawale).

Sir George Williams Affair. McGill Blogs.

Tunteng, P. Kiven. “Racism and the Montreal Computer Incident of 1969.” Race 14.3 (1973): 229-240.

West, Michael O. “History vs. Historical Memory Rosie Douglas, Black Power on Campus, and the Canadian Color Conceit.” Palimpsest: A Journal on Women, Gender, and the Black International 6.1 (2017): 84-100

West, Michael O. “History vs. Historical Memory Rosie Douglas, Black Power on Campus, and the Canadian Color Conceit.” Palimpsest: A Journal on Women, Gender, and the Black International 6.2 (2017): 178-224.

Williams, Dorothy W. The Road to Now: A history of Blacks in Montreal. Véhicule Press, 1997.




“Sir George Williams Affair” in Fiction and Film


Kellough, Kaie. Dominos at the Crossroads. Véhicule Press, 2019.

Crisis at Sir George. Directed by Renée Morel. Connections Productions, 1999.

Thomas, H. Nigel. Behind the face of winter. TSAR Publications, 2001.

Ninth Floor. Directed by Mina Shum. NFB, 2016.

An(other) Antilles. Directed byImara Anjani Rolston, 2016.




Caribbean Resistance connected to Montreal, 1969


Cruse, Romain. Le Mai 68 des Caraibes. Mémoire d’encrier, 2018.

Douglas, Rosie. Chains of Change: Focus on Dominica. Committee in Defence of Black Prisoners, 1974.

Forsythe, Dennis. West Indian Radicalism Abroad. 1973. McGill Dissertation.

James, C.L.R. “Black Power: It’s Past, Today, and the Way Ahead” London, 1967.

Lewis, Rupert. “Walter Rodney: 1968 Revisited.” Social and Economic Studies (1994): 7-56.

Payne, Anthony. “The Rodney riots in Jamaica: The background and significance of the events of October 1968.” Journal of Commonwealth & Comparative Politics 21.2 (1983): 158-174.

Rodney, Walter. “Black Power – It’s relevance to the West Indies.” Groundings with My Brothers. London: Bogle-L'Ouverture 1990

Ryan, Selwyn, & Steward, Taimoon. The Black Power Revolution 1970: A Retrospective. University of the West Indies Press, 1995.

Teelucksingh, Jerome. "The Black Power Movement in Trinidad and Tobago." Black Diaspora Review 4.1 (2014): 157-186.

West, Michael O. “Seeing Darkly: Guyana, Black Power, and Walter Rodney's Expulsion from Jamaica.” Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism12.1 (2008): 93-104.

Michael West, “Origins Of The February Revolution...40 Years Later,” The Caribbean Review, Feb 28 2010, 2010.




Decolonizing Knowledge & Universities


Andrews Kehinde. “The Black Studies Movement in Britain: Becoming an Institution, Not Institutionalised.” Editors Arday J. and H. Mirza. Dismantling Race in Higher Education. Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.

Bhambra, Gurminder K., Kerem Nisancioglu, and Dalia Gebrial. Decolonising the University. Pluto Books, 2018.

Blackett, Adelle. “Follow the Drinking Gourd: Our Road to Teaching Critical Race Theory and Slavery and the Law, Contemplatively, at McGill.” McGill Law Journal 62 (2016): 1251-1278.

Chantiluke, Roseanne, Brian Kwoba and Athinagamso Nkopo, Rhodes Must Fall Oxford, editors. Rhodes Must Fall: The Struggle to Decolonise the Racist Heart of Empire. Zed Books, 2018.

The Curriculum is Everything. Chimurenga 15, 2010.

Davies, Carole Boyce, Meredith Gadsby, Charles F. Peterson, and Henrietta Williams, editors. Decolonizing the Academy: African diaspora studies. Africa World Press, 2003.

Drake, Jarrett. “Documenting DissentMedium. Nov 7, 2016.

Farmer, Ashley. “Archiving While Black.” The Chronical of Higher Education. July 22, 2018.

Lamming, George. “Western Education and the Caribbean Intellectual.” Coming Coming Home: Conversations II. House of Nehesi, 2000.

Morreira, Shannon and Kathy Luckett. “Questions Academics Can Ask to Decolonise their classrooms.” African Skies. November 14, 2018.

Noxolo, Patricia. “Introduction: Decolonising geographical knowledge in a colonised and re‐colonising postcolonial world.” Area 49. 3 (2017): 317-319.

Tate, Shirley. “Putting Feelings in Words: Racism and Wellbeing in Universities.” Professorial Inaugural Lecture. Leeds Beckett University, 2017.

Sharpe, Christina. “Black Studies: In the Wake.” The Black Scholar. 44.2 (2014): 59-69.

Walcott, Rinaldo. “Outside in Black studies: Reading from a queer place in the diaspora.” Editors Maureen Fitzgerald and Scott Rayter. Queerly Canadian: An Introductory Reader in Sexuality Studies Canadian Scholars Press, 2012.

Walcott, Rinaldo. “Genres of Human: Multiculturalism, Cosmo-politics, and the Caribbean Basin” Editor Katherine McKittrick. Sylvia Wynter: On being Human as Praxis. Duke University Press, 2015.

Walrond, Jean. “In the Diaspora, Black Caribbean Canadian Culture Matters: Perspectives on Education “Back Home”.” Editors Greg Wiggan and Charles Hutchinson. Global Issues in Education. Rowan & Littlefield, 2009.

Wa Thiong'o, Ngugi. Decolonising the mind: The politics of language in African literature. East African Publishers, 1992


*Image Source: Concordia University Records Management and Archive (1074-02-128).